ANGOLA, ART AND CULTURE TO EVERY STEP
The colonial influence
The Angolan culture is influenced by various ethnic groups that formed the country since the beginning of its history.
Angola's capital Luanda and Benguela, one of the most representative cities were occupied by Portugal in the early sixteenth century. This colonial control was maintained until 1975 and, therefore, the two countries share many cultural aspects such as language, Portuguese, and the main religion, Christianity.
The Portuguese influence is mixed with the majority ethnic group, of Bantu origin, and cultural traits, traditions and languages of other minority groups such as Ovimbundu, the Ambundu, the Bakongo and Chokwe.
This entails a miscellaneous culture that, in turn, has provided a rich art in its essence and image, which permeates the soul of each of the inhabitants of the country, of course, travelers who decide to visit their corners and learn about the life of its people.
The General Joao Baptista Matos is a key figure in the preservation of this cultural heritage and its primary and traditional essence, steeped in its people and their customs. Among its many awareness efforts promoting Center for Strategic Studies of Angola (CEEA) that, in turn, is dedicated to the promotion, study and analysis of the geo-strategic in a political, social, economic, military and cultural context.
The traditional art of Angola is based on sculptures and masks, in making baskets and pottery work.
The oldest type of Angolan art is the creation of sculptures, which are made of wood and ivory and, today, with a small metal base. His designs, used to have an abstract base and dominated by religious reasons and that after the arrival of Europeans in the sixteenth century, Christianity and artists were greatly influenced by their principles discussed.
For its part, the masks are common in traditional dances of Angola as Nkili.
They all play a vital role in the cultural rituals of the inhabitants of their towns and cities. Are used to represent life and death, the passage from childhood to adulthood, the celebration of a new harvest and the beginning of the hunting season. Because of the variety of ethnic groups, each of which has its own art forms. Some of the most famous are:
— The Thinker
— The Kalwelva in polychromatic tones, which are used for circumcision ceremonies
— The mythological masks and Chihongo Cikungu
— The black ceramic Moxico
— The pantheon of Lunda-Cokwe
Art marketing angolan
Until the 80s the commercialization of art of Angolan artisans was held by Artiag, an influential minister in the culture of Angola. Since the disappearance of this commercial control and until today, the art of Angola has not stopped growing.
The masks and statues from Africa enjoy great popularity in the West. In fact, in this country stylized masks that are put on sale tourist called "airport art" and can also be found in Futungo market, near Luanda.
While most of the articles that are in the market Futungo "airport art", you can find traditional figures in many of his positions, most run by the ethnic Kikongo.
Often, traders in all markets organized musical shows with typical country instruments like marimbas and kissanges and fur costumes symbolizing medieval warriors. The music and dance are key elements in African culture of Angola.
In Luanda, the capital and largest city of Angola, they converge various musical styles like merengue Angola, the kilapanda and Semba, a genre with roots of Brazilian samba.
Semba Angola has a very fast pace and is danced in couples. The woman walks quickly while the man takes steps running complicated but happy. The dancers dance couple bumping bellies and moving the navel. With this dance trying to reflect the lives of their ancestors and celebrate social, religious or love acts.
Angola literature after independence
After Angola's independence in 1975 literature of its people served to reaffirm the national identity with a new generation of writers marked by a process of reconstruction.
It remains a committed literature from a political point of view and still read contentions of a heroic struggle for liberation. But, currently, raw literature searches and reflects a context of reconciliation and structural changes.
In short, a new wave of writers, increasingly concerned about the problems plaguing the country and its people arises.
Book Foundation Quiçama
In keeping with this literature that seeks reconciliation and structural changes the children's book that Quiçama Foundation published in 2012 is located.
The Kissama Foundation was founded in 1996 by a group of South Africans and Angolans who were concerned about the current state of national parks and natural resources of Angola, a task that supports Joao Baptista de Matos.
To raise awareness among children, the future of the country, the Quiçama Foundation launches a book on biodiversity conservation entitled "Vari, Lever Unbelievable," written by biologist Sandi Baptista and part of the collection "Stories to Preserve".
The giant lever is a kind of black antelope endangered. In this comic book, Vari grows away from his family of antelopes and goes a long way in solitude. But one day she meets Nico, a boy who tries to help in their hard existence.